The Synapses Are Firing

Tillamook hogs

Photo: Tillamook hogs, October 2016

When you can’t get it done on the ground, you often go to court. It’s a bad way to do business, no matter if you’re the good guy, or the bad guy.

I’ve been at odds with the Tillamook County Board of County Commissioners for most of my professional life. Tillamook has two nicknames: the land of cheese, trees and ocean breeze and the Indian name, the land of many waters. You can see why this county might also harbor a lot of fish. Tillamook County is where I’ve made the better part of my living as a fishing guide for the last 20 years.

Well, Tillamook County, along with 14 other counties, are going to court. They make up what is called the Trust Land Counties. At the crux of the matter: how state forest lands in Tillamook County are managed for timber harvest.

The conservation community has long fought timber interests (including our county commissioners, one of whom is formally the district forester for the Tillamook State Forest) on this exact matter. The Board of Forestry has twice reaffirmed the Greatest Permanent Value statement, which essentially states our state forest lands should be managed to provide, “healthy, productive and sustainable forest ecosystems that over time and across the landscape provide a full range of social, economic and environmental benefits.” Seems like something everyone can live with, right? Well, the vast majority of Oregonians anyway.

I quit counting how many different ways ‘til Sunday that one of the Tillamook County Commissioners, including Tim Josi (maybe not so ironically the chair of the trust land counties), have tried to change this language, administratively and legislatively. Hence now, the litigation. If these county commissioners fought half as hard for fishing-related jobs in Tillamook County… wow.

These last few years have been hard on fish. Record setting stream temperatures, fish die-offs, El Nino and the warm water blob have all had their day in court. Couple that up with 5 or 6 flood events in Tillamook County in the winters of 2015/2016 and you don’t have many fish friendly conditions for the next few brood years.

Trees, mostly of the older variety, can change some of those factors. Here’s why:

  1. Shade – the older the tree, the more branches and basal width that shade streams from solar heat. When streams exceed 68 degrees, and they often do for about a month from mid-July through mid-August, dissolved oxygen depletes, aquatic insect populations suffer and warm water parasites set in. This is the time of year when fish in cooler water i.e. the ocean, are putting on their greatest growth rates.
  2. Organic matter – Trees grow leaves and needles. This is essential organic matter that jumpstarts the food chain. Not only does this organic matter and the decomposition of the tree itself contribute to freshwater ecosystems, when organic matter is swept to sea, it’s just as valuable there. Read all about it in one of my favorite publications, “From the Forest to the Sea,” by James Sedell and Chris Maser.
  3. Stream complexity – Fallen trees, if they’re large enough to retain themselves in the watershed during extreme flood events, break up the stream’s energy. Root wads and boulders provide that current break for fish during extreme weather events, which there are plenty of in Tillamook County. Have you ever witnessed a coho fry try and maintain itself in a torrent river? With a tail smaller than the size of my pinky fingernail, you can guess how many calories that may burn in a 24-hour period. That’s why off-channel habitat is so critical.

Ten or fifteen years ago, when I was pushing hard for a different approach to forest management, there were no packed rooms full of forest advocates. Last night (December 14th), that was different; the synapses are firing.

Dozens of Clatsop County citizens were engaging their Clatsop County Commissioners on whether the county should opt out of the $1.4 billion dollar Linn County lawsuit that will “reimburse” counties for lost timber revenue, since the Board of Forestry has adopted the Greatest Permanent Value Rule in 1998. There is much at stake with the ruling.

Tim Josi states that this is NOT an attempt to change the current forest management plan, but a reimbursement, since the lands aren’t managed for maximum timber yield any longer. Well, with the State of Oregon already in a $1.7-billion-dollar budget shortfall for the next biennium, why wouldn’t the state want to just dig into the education, senior and veteran services and natural resource agencies budget with another $1.4 big un’s?

The bigger worry, if these buffoons actually win this lawsuit, is do you think our state’s lawmakers are just going to want to continue these kind of welfare payments to the counties on an annual basis, or are they going to want to modify the state’s forest management plan? As a fisherman, I like the plan since it accounts for wild salmon as a forest product too.

Regardless of what happens, the real win came when the conservation community showed up last night. Environmentalists, conservationists, teachers and those in the tourism industry, all working together to protect some of our state’s greatest natural resources. This will have to be the strategy of the future if we intend to keep the natural resources that attracted us to the Pacific Northwest. The Clatsop County Commission is a good one, let’s hope the synapses keep on firing!

About Bob Rees

Bob Rees is a professional fishing guide and executive director of the Northwest Guides and Anglers Association.

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